Genetic and Environmental Effects on Conduct and Antisocial Personality Problems in Dutch Twins at Ages 9 to 65 Years The Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) has been using ASEBA forms to assess a large proportion of twins born in the Netherlands since 1986. Many twins have been periodically re-assessed as they developed from childhood to adulthood. Adult… Read more »

It is well-established that childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is followed by increased rates of substance use and risky behavior in adolescence. The Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN) have provided data from multiple sites that make it possible to test mechanisms linking CSA to subsequent risky behavior. A team of LONGSCAN researchers analyzed… Read more »

Many studies have reported more problems for children from economically disadvantaged families than for children from more advantaged families. However, much remains to be learned about the aspects of economic disadvantage that raise risks for particular kinds of problems. Starting with pregnant women in Rotterdam, the Generation R Longitudinal Study measured many prenatal and postnatal… Read more »

Many studies have found associations between parent and child characteristics. Although genetic models partition phenotypic variance into genetic and environmental influences, parents’ genetic and environmental influences are confounded when children are raised by their biological parents. Kerr et al. (2013) separated mothers’ genetic and environmental influences by analyzing associations of depressive and antisocial characteristics of… Read more »

Two related articles have presented findings pertaining to child and adolescent psychopathology assessed with standardized diagnostic interviews (SDIs) and dimensional rating instruments in many societies. The first article reviewed findings on the prevalence of disorders identified by SDIs in epidemiological samples of >300 children in >5 societies (Achenbach et al., 2012). The percentage of children… Read more »

Research has found that BPA affects neural circuits and behavior in rats and mice. Studies of humans have also found associations between prenatal BPA exposure and subsequent deviant problem scale scores on the CBCL (Perera et al., 2012). To test concurrent associations between BPA and both behavioral/emotional and learning problems in later childhood, Hong et… Read more »

As research on ADHD has advanced, it has become clear that children who qualify for diagnoses of ADHD vary in many important ways. As an example, children diagnosed as having ADHD may have problems of aggression, anxiety, and depression as well as attention problems. A CBCL profile pattern of elevated scores on the Aggressive Behavior,… Read more »

A pattern of CBCL/6-18 syndrome scale scores designated as the Dysregulation Profile (CBCL-DP) has been identified among children in multiple societies. The CBCL-DP is defined by elevated scores on the Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior syndromes. To test the ability of the CBCL-DP to predict subsequent personality trait scores, De Caluwe et al. (2013)… Read more »

Meta-analyses of correlations between ratings of child, adolescent, and adult psychopathology by different informants have shown low to moderate levels of agreement between different informants. This means that no one informant is likely to provide precisely the same information as other informants. Instead, comprehensive assessment requires data from multiple informants, as well as other kinds… Read more »

The ASEBA DSM-oriented scales were initially developed by having experts from many societies identify ASEBA problem items that they judged to be very consistent with DSM-IV diagnostic categories. In order to revise the DSM-oriented scales on the basis of DSM-5 categories, 58 experts from 30 societies rated ASEBA problem items as being not consistent, somewhat consistent, or very… Read more »

Millions of people leave their home societies to seek opportunities in other societies. Many immigrants to the United States come from Mexico. To reduce risks for substance use, internalizing, externalizing, and school problems among Mexican American youths, Gonzales et al. (2012) tested a family-focused intervention for Mexican American middle school students. The “Bridges to High… Read more »

Despite increasing tolerance for nontraditional gender roles in many countries, it is important to identify problems for which gender-dysphoric children and adolescents may need help. Building on previous research that employed the CBCL to identify such problems in parents’ reports, Steensma et al. (2014) compared TRF scores obtained by 728 children (ages <12 years) and… Read more »