Ivanova et al. (2015a, b) performed confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) on Adult Self-Reports (ASRs) and Adult Behavior Checklists (ABCLs) completed to assess 18-59-year-olds. The ASRs were completed by 17,152 adults in 29 societies. The ABCLs were completed by 8,582 adults in 18 societies to describe a person they knew, such as a spouse, partner, family… Read more »


Services for children may benefit from assessing the children’s parents in order to identify parental problems relevant to helping the children. This is because parents and children may have similar problems, parents’ problems may affect children’s functioning or complicate treatment of the children, children’s problems may affect parental functioning, and parents may need treatment in… Read more »


Concerns have arisen about possible addiction to the Internet. In response to these concerns, DSM-5 has added Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as a proposed diagnostic category. Nine symptom criteria are listed, such as “preoccupation with Internet games.” At least five of the criterial symptoms must be present to qualify for IGD. To assess the prevalence… Read more »


Important advances have been made in multicultural evidence-based assessment of psychopathology among school-age children and adolescents. Building on previous standardized assessments of psychopathology at ages 6 to 18 in dozens of societies, Masha Ivanova, Leslie Rescorla, and international colleagues in 23 societies on 5 continents have tested syndromes and scale scores for behavioral and emotional… Read more »


A CBCL profile pattern characterized by extreme elevations of the Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior syndromes has been interpreted as reflecting severe affective and behavioral dysregulation. To determine whether this pattern predicts adult psychopathology, Holtmann et al. (2011) used the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) and several other instruments to compare age 19… Read more »


The Western Australia Pregnancy Cohort Study was designed to test effects of particular kinds of maternal stress events during pregnancy on subsequent behavioral problems of the offspring. Robinson et al. (2011) reported prediction of children’s CBCL scores at ages 2, 5, 8, 10, and 14 years from several kinds of independent stress events (events beyond… Read more »


CBCL/6-18 competence scales assess children’s adaptive strengths in terms of involvement in activities, social relationships, and school. Both competence and problems are important for documenting children’s needs for help, for designing interventions to strengthen competencies and/or to reduce problems, and for evaluating outcomes of interventions. However, the competence and problem scales are not merely mirror… Read more »


Around the world, millions of people are emigrating to host societies very different from their home societies. The children of immigrant families may be affected by the challenges that prompt families to leave their home societies and the challenges of adapting to host societies. Like many large urban areas, Rotterdam, Netherlands, has thousands of immigrants… Read more »


There is evidence that poor nutrition may increase risks for behavior problems and that improving nutrition may reduce problems. To experimentally test the effects of omega-3 on children’s behavior problems, Raine et al. (2015) conducted a randomized controlled trial in which 100 8-16-year-old Mauritian children received a daily fruit drink containing 1000 mg. of omega-3… Read more »


Numerous studies have compared short-term outcomes for different treatments of childhood disorders. However, few studies of child treatments have compared adult outcomes. Saavedra et al. (2010) compared outcomes from childhood through adulthood for 67 U.S. children who had received¬†(a)¬†group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) that used peer reinforcement and modeling to facilitate exposure-based procedures or individual… Read more »


Multiple studies have reported identification and correlates of a pattern of CBCL/6-18 syndrome scale scores designated as the Dysregulation Profile (DP). The DP is defined by elevated scores on the Anxious/Depressed, Attention Problems, and Aggressive Behavior syndromes of the CBCL/6-18. Children identified as having the DP have elevated rates of several disorders, suicidality, and substance… Read more »


In 1983, a representative general population sample of Dutch 4- to 16-year-olds was assessed with CBCLs completed by their parents. The children were then reassessed periodically with the CBCL, TRF, YSR, and other measures, culminating 24 years later with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and three sections of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS), when… Read more »