Although far lower than in western countries, divorce rates in Mainland China are rising rapidly. To assess possible associations between divorce and children’s problems, a team of Chinese and Japanese researchers used CBCL/4-18 and TRF data from a stratified random sample of 4,862 Chinese children (Liu et al., 2000). Children of divorced parents were demographically matched… Read more »

In a study at Massachusetts General Hospital, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) brain scans revealed that boys meeting criteria for ADHD differed from non-ADHD control boys with respect to the following brain characteristics: Reversed asymmetry of the head of the caudate; smaller volume of the caudate head; and smaller volume of the white matter of the… Read more »

A Finnish study tested associations between sleep parameters measured objectively by activity monitors and TRF and CBCL problem scores for physically healthy 7- to 12-year-olds (Aronen et al., 2000). Highly significant associations were found between sleep time and TRF scores. In particular, the shorter the sleep time, the higher the scores for the Aggressive Behavior, Attention… Read more »

To test associations between parental drug abuse and children’s problems, Catherine Stanger of the University of Vermont and colleagues from other universities compared children of drug abusers (CDA) with children who were referred for mental health services (RC) and nonreferred children (NRC). Cocaine and opiate dependent parents in treatment completed the Child Behavior Checklist for… Read more »

Research is increasingly demonstrating genetic influences on many aspects of human functioning. However, because genetic factors are unlikely to account for all variations in functioning, it is essential to analyze the interplay of genetic, environmental, and methodological effects on specific measures of functioning. Using CBCL ratings of 984 8- to 12-year-old twins participating in the… Read more »

Deficits in reciprocal social behavior are hallmarks of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), including Asperger’s Disorder and Autistic Disorder. There has recently been a tremendous upsurge in reported cases of PDD. However, it is unclear whether the true prevalence of PDD is increasing, whether detection of cases is improving, or whether milder deficits in social behavior… Read more »