Because comorbid conduct disorders are associated with the poorest outcomes in children with ADHD, it is important to identify significant predictors of persistent conduct disorders. Biederman et al. (2001) tested predictors of persistent conduct disorders in a 4-year follow-up of boys diagnosed with ADHD at ages 6-17. Three groups were defined according to their intake… Read more »

The CBCL/4-18 and TRF were used in an epidemiological study of 3,344 6- to 16-year-olds in Shandong Province, China (Liu et al., 2000). The 90th percentile on the distribution of Total Problems scores was used as a clinical cutpoint. Compared to children who attained nocturnal urinary control before age 4, significantly more children who attained… Read more »

Some studies of children with growth deficiency have found elevated rates of behavioral and emotional problems, whereas other studies have not. The differences in findings might reflect differences in the settings where children were evaluated, differences in the etiologies of growth deficiency, differences in informants, or differences in assessment instruments. To address these variations, Steinhausen… Read more »

There is increasing pressure to perform rigorous evaluations of the outcomes of services. The pressure to perform outcome evaluations is especially acute for psychiatric hospitalizations of children because of the severity and life-threatening nature of the disorders, the high cost of hospital care, and controversies over whether hospitalizations help or hurt disturbed children. There are… Read more »

After long neglect, behavioral and emotional problems of preschoolers are receiving increased attention. Because the DSM has provided few categories for early childhood disorders, another system has been developed that is known as the Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood (DC 0-3; National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and… Read more »

Using a sample of 235 low SES children, Shaw, Owens, Giovannelli, & Winslow (2001) tested the relations between parent-rated problems on the CBCL/2-3 administered when the children were 24 and 42 months of age and DSM-IV disruptive behavior disorder (DBD) diagnoses based on K-SADS-E maternal interviews when the children were 5½. Children with no DBD… Read more »

Dutch researchers (van Goozen, Matthys, Cohen-Kettenis, Buitelaar, & van Engeland, 2000) tested the hypothesis that children with disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) manifest underarousal of the HP and the ANS, particularly in response to stress. Participants included 26 8-12-year-olds diagnosed with ODD and CD and 26 age- and gender-matched normal controls (NC). The DBD group obtained… Read more »

Researchers from the Jerusalem Infant Development Study (Hans, Auerbach, Asarnow, Styr, and Marcus, 2000) demonstrated the utility of the Youth Self-Report (YSR) for assessing youths at risk for schizophrenia. They used the YSR and the Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents (SAICA) (John et al., 1987) to assess 27 adolescent offspring of schizophrenics, 30… Read more »

The Language Development Survey (LDS) (Rescorla, 1989) uses parents’ reports of vocabulary and word combinations to identify language delays in children at ages 18-35 months. It can be completed independently by a parent in about 10 minutes and requires only fifth grade reading skills. Over the past 20 years, the LDS has been used with… Read more »

Thomas M. Achenbach & Levent Dumenci University of Vermont  Leslie A. Rescorla Bryn Mawr College Abstract The purpose of this project was to determine the degree to which experienced mental health professionals would judge particular CBCL/1½-5/LDS and C-TRF items as being consistent with particular DSM-IV categories. Child psychiatrists and psychologists who had published research on children’s behavioral/emotional… Read more »

Dr. Virginia Delaney-Black and a research team from Wayne State School of Medicine and the Detroit Public Schools conducted an extensive follow-up study of children whose mothers had been screened for substance use during pregnancy. Screening procedures included extensive structured interviews; prenatal and neonatal medical records; and testing of mothers and their infants for prenatal… Read more »

Using a Dutch general population sample (N = 1,615), Marijka Hofstra, Jan van der Ende, & Frank Verhulst (2000) analyzed relations between CBCL/4-18 scores obtained at ages 4-16 and scores on the Young Adult Behavior Checklist (YABCL) and Young Adult Self-Report (YASR) obtained at ages 18-30. Predictive correlations between initial CBCL scores and final YABCL and… Read more »